Research Papers

Research papers on hypnotherapy and autogenics.

1)  O’Moore, O’Moore, Hardson, Murphy & Carruthers:

Psychosomatic aspects in idiopathic infertility: effects of treatment with Autogenic Training; Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2 7, p 145-151 1983

2)  Prof. Y Sakakura, S lwabuchi MD, & T Murata MD:

Psychosomatic Studies on Infertility due to tubal factors; Int Congress for Psychosomatic Medicine. Kyoto Japan. July 12-14 1967.

3)  Linden W, Univ of British Columbia:

Autogenic Training: A Narrative and Quantitative Review of Clinical Outcome; Biofeedback and Self Regulation, Vol 19, No 3 1994.

4)  Janson:

Relation sur la situation actuelle du Training Autogene en Italie; W Luthe MD, Editor. Autogene Training: Correlationes Psychosomaticae. G Thieme Verlag Stuttgart 1965.

5)  Prill H J:

Das Autogene Training in der Geburtshilfe und Gynakologie; W Luthe MD, Editor. Autogene Trainitig: Correlationes Psychosomaticae. G Thieme Verlag Stuttgart 1965.

6)  Prill H J:

Schmerzbeeinflussung durch autogenes training in der geburtshi!fe; J Psychother. Psychosom., 1966, 14, 429-436.

7)  Y Okatnura MD., & T Goto MD:

Autogenic Training in Painless childbirth – in abstracts and papers, Int. Congress for Psychosomatic Medicine and Hypnosis July 12-14 1967 Kyoto, Japan

8)  Zimmermann-Tansella, Dolcetta, Azzini, et al 1979  

A Selection of Homeopathic Medicine Research

1)  Adler UC, Paiva NM, Cesar AT, Adler MS, Molina A, Padula AE, Calil HM:
Homeopathic Individualized Q-potencies versus Fluoxetine for Moderate to Severe Depression: Double-blind, Randomized Non-inferiority Trial.        

Research Source

Department of Psychobiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, R. Napoleão de Barros, 925 São Paulo, SP 04024-002, Brazil.

Results: Research showed that patients prescribed a homeopathic medicine compared favourably with patients prescribed the drug Fluoxetine.  The research also showed that more patients reported side effects with Fluoxetine than those on the homeopathic medicine.  There was also a trend toward greater treatment interruption for adverse effects in the Fluoxetine group

2)  Naudé DF, Couchman IMS, Maharaj A (2010):

Chronic primary insomnia: efficacy of homeopathic simillimum. Homeopathy 99: 63–68.

3)  Brooks AJ, Bell IR, Howerter A, et al (2010):

Effects of homeopathic medicines on mood of adults with histories of coffee-related insomnia. Forsch Komplementmed 17: 250-257.

4)   Weatherley-Jones E, Nicholl JP, Thomas KJ, et al:

A randomized, controlled, triple-blind trial of the efficacy of homeopathic treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. J Psychosom Res 2004; 56: 189–97.

5)   Yakir M, Kreitler S, Brzezinski A, et al:

Effects of homeopathic treatment in women with premenstrual syndrome: a pilot study.  Br Homeopath J 2001; 90: 148–53.

 6)  Taylor MA, Reilly D, Llewellyn-Jones RH, et al:

Randomised controlled trials of homoeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial series.  Br Med J 2000; 321: 471–6.

 7)  Cucherat M, Haugh MC, Gooch M, Boissel JP:

Evidence of clinical efficacy of homeopathy – A meta-analysis of clinical trials.  Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2000; 56: 27–33.

Further Research

Source: Ruth Naylor, BA, MS, MBA (Hons), AA, Dip AT of British Autogenic Society.

Clinical Evidence:

  1. Autogenic Training (AT) leads to self-induced calmness in mind and body and can lead to clearer thinking about problems and new insights. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice (2009), 82, 403-419. Yurdakul, Hottum and Bowden
  2. AT induces the Relaxation Response. Behavioral Medicine, Volume15, pages 125-132, 1989. 
  3. Relaxation can be an appropriate and relevant therapeutic tool to counteract several stress-related disease processes and certain health-restrictions, particularly in certain immunological, cardiovascular, and neurodegenerative diseases/mental disorders.  Medical Science Monitor, Volume 9, pages RA23-34, February 2003. 
  4. Tension headache and mixed-type headache frequencies are reduced in the first month of learning AT, while migraine headache frequency reduces after 3 months and drug consumption also reduces. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, Volume 43, page 251, March 2003. 
  5. Acute pain of migraine headaches decreases and the likelihood that a migraine aura will become a full blown migraine is much lower when sufferers practice AT.  Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, Volume 47, pages 371-383, March 2007.
  6. Emotional distress signs and anxiety decrease whilst your brain’s ability to calm responses to stress improves, bringing positive and stable changes in anxious and ‘blue’ personality traits and increased resilience. Stress Medicine, Volume 16, pages 263-268, 2002.
  7. Irritable bowel calms down and most symptoms are significantly reduced. Behaviour Research and Therapy, Volume 5, pages 541-546, May 2002. 
  8. Anxiety can negatively influence the course of many disabilities so the benefits accrued from practising a stress management method may have generalized effects. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Volume 67, pages 375-379, June 1986. 
  9. Children and adolescents with behavioral and emotional problems have improvements in goal attainment after learning AT. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Volume 42, page 1046-1054, 2003. 
  10. Blood pressure and heart rate reduce when people practice AT.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, Volume 83, pages 1395-141, December 1996.
  11. Anxiety for university level students are significantly reduced with consistent AT practice. Journal of Advanced Nursing, Volume 53, pages 729-735, 2006.
  12. Elderly nursing home patients have a better quality of life once they practice AT.  Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, Volume 35, pages 157-65, 2002.
  13. Adolescent alcoholics discover they have more control over their own behaviour than they previously thought after they learn AT with biofeedback. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Volume14, pages 55-61, Jan-Feb 1997.
  14. Learning and practicing AT can increase your ability to recall your dreams!  Perceptual and Motor Skills, Volume 84, pages 1305-1307, June 1997.
  15. After Dolphin Helicopter and Hercules Aircraft pilots learn AT exercises using biofeedback techniques, they make far fewer flying mistakes during emergency flying conditions.  International Journal of Aviation Psychology, Volume 11, pages 303-315, 2002.
  16. Biatheletes’ postural control and hold stability in the rifle competition, found their standing shooting was improved after learning AT and imagery training.   Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Volume 74, pages 337-342, September 2003.
  17. Exhausted care givers find that subjective psychosomatic symptoms, such as headache, palpitation, dizziness, sleep disorders, irritation, are reduced or disappear, and that they are able to ask for help for themselves much more easily after practising AT.   Japanese Journal of Autogenic Therapy, Volume 18, pages 56-63, August 2000.

Autogenics Training (AT) also works effectively alongside other medical practices for illnesses made worse by stress:

  1. Cancer and HIV patients increase their autoimmune responses, sleep better and feel better about themselves. Kermani, K ‘Stress, Emotions, Autogenic Training and AIDS: A Holistic Approach to management of HIV-infected individuals’, Holistic Medicine, Volume 2, pages 203-215, 1987. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, Volume 8, pages 61-65, 2004.
  2. Cancer patients report significant reduction in anxiety and increases in ‘fighting spirit’ after learning AT, and they report an improved sense of coping and along with improved sleep. European Journal of Cancer Care, Volume 11, pages 122-130, June 2000.
  3. Depression clears up more quickly and doesn’t come back as often.  European Psychologist, Volume 4, pages 11-18, 2004.
  4. At 4 year follow up, people with high blood pressure kept their pressure down if they practiced AT. Curruthers, M Patel et al, ‘Trial of relaxation in reducing coronary risk: 4 year follow up’ British Medical Journal (Clinical research Edition), Volume 290, pages 1103-1106, April 1985. 
  5. Stroke patients recover faster when their treatment includes an AT component. American Chiropractor, pages 50, 52, Fall 2004.
  6. Chronic and acute pain are reduced, and chronic pain patients reduce their physician visits by 36%.  American Journal of Nursing, Volume 8, pages 75-76, August 2004. The Clinical Journal of Pain, Volume 2, pages 305-310, 1991.
  7. Autogenic Training reduces anxiety after coronary angioplasty surgery.  Kanji, N., White A.R., Prof. Ernst E., American Heart Journal, Volume 147, pages K1-K4, 2004. 
  8. A case study of a young anorexic woman reports that after learning AT she had less preoccupation with food, less interpersonal tension, greater self-esteem, and weighed more. Japanese Journal of Autogenic Therapy, Volume 19, pages 55-61, December 2000. 
  9. Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus have fewer problems with attention, less test-anxiety and less aggression and nervousness when they use AT. Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie, Volume 46, pages 288-303, 1997.
  10. Atopic dermatitis skin conditions improve, the severity of skin lesions decreases, and people use less topical steroids after they practice AT for a year. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Volume 63, pages 624-636, August 1995.
  11. Multiple Sclerosis patients report more energy and vigor and less limitations in their roles from physical and emotional problems at the end of a 10 week AT program.  Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 28, pages 249-256, June 2005.
  12. Asthmatic children practicing AT with their mothers said they experienced deep relaxation, better sleep, reduced wheezing, and improved peak-flow rates.  Japanese Journal of Autogenic Therapy, Volume 24, pages 1-7, March 2005.
  13. A study of fire services workers found that AT is effective for reducing disturbance of cardiac autonomic nervous activity and decreasing the impact of psychological issues which are secondary to post-traumatic stress disorder.  Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 60, pages 439-444, 2006.
  14. Meta-analysis of studies of AT found that tension headache, mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, coronary heart disease, asthma bronchiale, somatoform pain disorder (unspecified type), Raynaud’s disease, anxiety disorders, mild-to-moderate depression/dysthymia, and functional sleep disorders all improve when people practice AT.  Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, Volume 27, pages 45-96, 2002.
  15. Pressure in the eyes (IOP) is reduced for people with open-angle glaucoma who practice AT along with special exercises in ocular relaxation and imagination of aqueous humour drainage.  Opthalmologica, Volume 209, pages 122-128, 1995. 
  16. Stress levels of couples undergoing infertility treatment went down.  Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 27, pages 145-51, 1983. 

See the following pages for further information:

How to manage stress


Autogenics for sleep deprived mums

Pregnanacy and Autogenics

Insomnia and Autogenics

Sports psychology

Performance at work

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